The Open Championship
2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Sports events
|The Open Championship|
|Course(s)||Royal Birkdale Golf Club 2008|
|Par||70 in 2008|
|Yardage||7,173 in 2008|
|Tour(s)|| PGA Tour
PGA European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
|Tournament record scores|
|Aggregate||267 Greg Norman (1993)|
|To-par||-19* Tiger Woods (2000)
*record for all majors
The Open Championship, or simply The Open (frequently referred to as the British Open outside the UK), is the oldest of the four major championships in men's golf. It is the only major held outside the USA and is administered by the R&A, which is the governing body of golf outside the USA and Mexico. The Open is played on the weekend of the third Friday in July, and is the third major to take place each year following The Masters and the U.S. Open and before the PGA Championship. The event takes place every year on one of nine historic links courses in the United Kingdom. In 2007, The Open had a prize fund of £4.2 million (at the time, approximately €6.197 million or $8.638 million). Historically, The Open's prize money was consistently the least of the four majors; since 2002 it has been the highest. Uniquely among the four Major championships, the Open features a four hole playoff for all golfers tied at the end of regulation, with the playoff continuing into sudden death holes if players remain tied after four holes.
The Open Championship was first played on 17 October 1860 at Prestwick Golf Club. The inaugural tournament was restricted to professionals, and attracted a field of eight, who played three rounds of Prestwick's twelve-hole course in a single day. Willie Park Senior won with a score of 174, beating the favourite, Old Tom Morris, by two strokes. The following year the tournament was opened to amateurs; eight of them joined ten professionals in the field.
Originally, the trophy presented to the event's winner was the Champion's Belt, a red leather belt with a silver buckle. There was no prize money in the first three Opens. In 1863, a prize fund of £10 (then $50) was introduced, which was shared between the second- third- and fourth-placed professionals, with the Champion still just getting to keep the belt for a year. In 1864 Old Tom Morris won the first Champion's cash prize of £6. By 2004, the winner's cheque had increased one hundred and twenty thousandfold to £720,000, or perhaps two thousandfold after allowing for inflation. The Champions Belt was retired in 1870, when Young Tom Morris was allowed to keep it for winning the tournament three consecutive times. It was then replaced by the present trophy, The Golf Champion Trophy, better known by its popular name of The Claret Jug.
Prestwick Golf Club administered The Open from 1860 to 1870. In 1871, it agreed to organise it jointly with The Royal & Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews and The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers. In 1892 the event was doubled in length from 36 to 72 holes, that is four rounds of what was by then the standard complement of 18 holes. In the same year the prize fund reached £100. Due to an increasing number of entrants, a cut was introduced after two rounds in 1898. In 1920 full responsibility for The Open Championship was handed over to The Royal & Ancient Golf Club.
The early winners were all Scottish professionals, who in those days worked as greenkeepers, clubmakers, and caddies to supplement their modest winnings from championships and challenge matches. The Open has always been dominated by professionals, with only six victories by amateurs, all of which occurred between 1890 and 1930. The last of these was Bobby Jones's third Open and part of his celebrated Grand Slam. Jones was one of four Americans who won The Open between the First and Second World Wars, the first of whom had been Walter Hagen in 1922. These Americans and the French winner of the 1907 Open, Arnaud Massy, were the only winners from outside Scotland and England up to 1939.
The first post-World War II winner was the American Sam Snead in 1946. In 1947 Fred Daly of Northern Ireland was victorious. While there have been many English and Scottish champions, Daly was the only winner from Ireland until the 2007 win of the Republic's Pádraig Harrington, and there has never been a Welsh champion. Otherwise the early postwar years The Open was dominated by golfers from the Commonwealth, with South African Bobby Locke and Australian Peter Thomson winning the Claret Jug in nine of the 11 championships from 1948 and 1958 between them. During this period, The Open often had a schedule conflict with the match-play PGA Championship, which meant that Ben Hogan, the best American golfer at this time, competed in The Open just once, in 1953 at Carnoustie, a tournament he won.
Another South African, Gary Player was Champion in 1959. This was at the beginning of the "Big Three" era in professional golf, the three players in question being Player, Arnold Palmer and Jack Nicklaus. Palmer first competed in 1960, when he came second to the little known Australian Kel Nagle, but he won the two following years. While he was far from being the first American to become Open Champion, he was the first that many Americans saw win the tournament on television, and his charismatic success is often credited with persuading leading American golfers to make The Open an integral part of their schedule, rather than an optional extra. The improvement of trans-Atlantic travel also increased American participation.
Nicklaus' victories came in 1966, 1970 and 1978. This tally of three wins is not very remarkable, and indeed he won all of the other three majors more often, but it greatly understates how prominent he was at the tournament throughout the 1960s and 1970s. He finished in the top five 16 times, which is tied most in Open history with John Henry Taylor and easily the most in the postwar era. This included seven second places. Nicklaus holds the records for most rounds under par (61) and most aggregates under par (14). At Turnberry in 1977 he was involved in one of the most celebrated contests in golf history, when his duel with Tom Watson went to the final shot before Watson emerged as the champion for the second time.
Watson won five Opens, more than anyone else has since the 1950s, but his final win in 1983 brought down the curtain on an era of U.S. domination. In the next 11 years there was only one American winner, with the others coming from Europe and the Commonwealth. The European winners of this era, Spaniard Seve Ballesteros, Sandy Lyle, who was the first Scottish winner in over half a century, and the Englishman Nick Faldo, were also leading lights among the group of players who began to get the better of the Americans in the Ryder Cup during this period.
In 1995, The Open became part of the PGA Tour's official schedule. John Daly's playoff win over Italian Costantino Rocca in that year began another era of American domination. Tiger Woods has won three Championships to date, two at St Andrews in 2000 and 2005, and one at Hoylake in 2006. There was a dramatic moment at St Andrews in 2000, as the ageing Jack Nicklaus waved farewell to the crowds, while the young challenger to his crown (as the greatest golfer of all time) watched from a nearby tee; Nicklaus afterwards decided to play in the 2005 Open when the R&A announced St. Andrews as the venue, giving his final farewell to the fans at the Home of Golf. In 2002, all Open wins before 1995 were retroactively classified as PGA Tour wins. Recent years have been notable for the number of wins by previously obscure golfers, including Paul Lawrie's playoff win after the epic 72nd-hole collapse of Jean Van de Velde in 1999, Ben Curtis in 2003 and Todd Hamilton in 2004. In 2007 the Europeans finally broke an eight year drought in the majors when Pádraig Harrington of the Republic of Ireland defeated Sergio García by one stroke in a four-hole playoff. In 2008 at Royal Birkdale Harrington retained the Claret Jug with a wonderful final round of 69 to win the tournament by four shots from Ian Poulter with a final total of 283 (+3) after 72 holes.
It has been an official event on the PGA Tour since 1995, which means that the prize money won in The Open by PGA Tour members is included on the official money list. In addition, all Open Championships before 1995 have been retroactively classified as PGA Tour wins, and the list of leading winners on the PGA Tour has been adjusted to reflect this. The European Tour has recognised The Open as an official event since its first official season in 1972 and it is also an official money event on the Japan Golf Tour.
From 1860-70, The Open Championship was organised by and played at Prestwick Golf Club. Since it was revived in 1872 after a lapse of one year, it has always been played at a number of courses in rotation. Initially there were three courses in the rotation, namely Prestwick, St Andrews, and Musselburgh. In 1893 Royal St George's and Royal Liverpool Golf Club, Hoylake were invited to join the rotation. Since then a handful of further clubs have been added, and a few have been dropped. The common factor in the venues for The Open is that they have always been links courses. In more recent times the rotation has generally followed the pattern of being played in Scotland and England alternately. The general interruption to this pattern is the Old Course at St Andrews, which hosts the event every five years or so. There is, however, no strict rule and the host is appointed by the R&A around five years in advance. There is a map showing the locations of the venues here (there are thirteen dots for the fourteen courses; two of the courses are in the town of Sandwich). The Open is usually played in Scotland, North West England, or Kent in South East England. It has never been played in Wales, or in seven of the nine regions of England (all except the North West and South East), and it has only been played in Northern Ireland once.
The current course rotation in the rota (for years ending in):
- (0,5) - Scotland - ( Old Course at St Andrews, every fifth year)
- (1,6) - England
- (2,7) - Scotland
- (3,8) - England
- (4,9) - Scotland
There are nine courses in the current rota:
- Old Course at St Andrews: In 1873 the "Home of Golf" became the second course to host the Open. Nowadays, it does so more often than any other course. Since 1990 it has been scheduled every fifth year.
- Carnoustie Golf Links, Championship Course: Another Scottish course, the Royal Burgh of Carnoustie first hosted The Open in 1931, and it rejoined the rotation by hosting The Open in 1999 after an absence of 24 years. It hosted the 2007 championship.
- Muirfield: Muirfield is a private course which was built for The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers, one of the trio of clubs which ran The Open in the 1870s and 1880s. It first staged The Championship in 1892, just nine months after it had been built.
- The Westin Turnberry Resort, Ailsa Course: A course on the southwest coast of Scotland which hosted The Open in 1977, 1986, and 1994. It will host again in 2009 after a fifteen year absence.
- Royal Troon Golf Club, Old Course: This Scottish course has been in the rotation since 1923.
- Royal St George's Golf Club: This course is in the town of Sandwich in the county of Kent in southeast England. In 1894 it became the first Open venue outside Scotland.
- Royal Birkdale Golf Club: This course in northwest England has been in the rotation since 1954. Royal Birkdale hosted The Open in 2008.
- Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club: Also in northwest England, this course first hosted The Open in 1926, and entered the rotation in 1952.
- Royal Liverpool Golf Club: The home of the Royal Liverpool Golf Club, which is often referred to simply as "Hoylake", joined the rotation in 1897 and hosted ten Opens up to 1967. After a 39 year absence from the rotation, it hosted the 2006 Open Championship.
Courses which are no longer in the rota:
- Prestwick Golf Club: The founder club was dropped from the rotation in 1925, by which time it had hosted twenty-four Opens.
- Musselburgh Links: Musselburgh is a public course which was used by the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers. When that club built Muirfield, Musselburgh dropped out of the rotation.
- Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club: This course in the town of Deal in Kent, England hosted the Open in 1909 and 1920.
- Prince's Golf Club: Prince's hosted its only Open in 1932. The course is in Sandwich, Kent, England, and is adjacent to Royal St George's on the current rota.
- Royal Portrush Golf Club: The 1951 Open was staged at Royal Portrush in Northern Ireland.
Exemptions and qualifying events
The field for the Open is 156, and golfers may gain a place in three ways. Around two thirds of the field is made up of leading players who are given exemptions. The rest of the field is made up of players who were successful in "Local Qualifying" and those who came through "International Qualifying".
There are over thirty exemption categories. Among the more significant are:
- The top 50 on the Official World Golf Rankings. This key sweep up category means that no member of the current elite of world golf will be excluded.
- The top 20 in the previous season's PGA Tour money list and European Tour Order of Merit. Most but not all of these players will also be in the World top 50.
- All previous Open Champions who will be age 60 or under on the final day of the tournament.
- All players who have won one of the other three majors in the previous five years.
- The top 10 from the previous year's Open Championship.
Among other things, the additional exemption categories ensure that all the member tours of the International Federation of PGA Tours are represented, and that there are some amateur competitors. Full details of all the exemption categories can be found here.
Local Qualifying is the traditional way for non-exempt players to win a place at The Open. It comprises sixteen 18-hole "Regional Qualifying" competitions around Britain and Ireland a week and a half before the event, with successful competitors moving on to the four 36-hole "Local Final Qualifying" tournaments a few days later. There are now twelve places available through Local Qualifying, though there used to be far more.
Local Qualifying is open to players from all over the world, and it used to attract some big names. In order to make it easier for professionals from outside Britain and Ireland to compete for a place, the R&A introduced International Qualifying in 2004. This comprises five 36-hole qualifying events, one each in Africa, Australasia, Asia, America and Europe. Only players who have a rating in the Official World Golf Rankings may enter, which is a more stringent standard than for Local Qualifying. Thirty-six places are available in International Qualifying. Eligible players may choose whether to enter local qualifying or international qualifying, but they may not enter both. For full details on qualification see here.
Outside the UK, the tournament is generally called the "British Open", in part to distinguish the tournament from another of the four majors that has an 'open' format, the U.S. Open, but mainly because other nations with similar 'open' format golf events refer to their own nation's open event as "the open." The PGA Tour refers to the tournament as the British Open, as do many media outlets in the United States, such as SportsTicker and the Associated Press.
However, in the United Kingdom and a fair portion of Europe, the tournament is best known by its official title, The Open Championship. The tournament's website uses only this name.
- Oldest winner: Old Tom Morris (46 years, 99 days), 1867.
- Youngest winner: Young Tom Morris (17 years, 181 days), 1868.
- Most victories: 6, Harry Vardon (1896, 1898, 1899, 1903, 1911, 1914).
- Lowest absolute 72-hole score: 267, Greg Norman (66-68-69-64), 1993.
- Lowest 72-hole score in relation to par: -19, Tiger Woods (67-66-67-69, 269), 2000 (a record for all major championships).
- Norman's 1993 score was -13. Par at Royal St George's, the site of the 1993 Open, was 70, as opposed to the par 72 of The Old Course at St Andrews, the 2000 site. In fact, the to-par record broken by Woods was not held by Norman, but by Nick Faldo, who shot -18 at The Old Course in 1990.
- Greatest victory margin: 13 strokes, Old Tom Morris, 1862. This remained a record for all majors until 2000, when Woods won the U.S. Open by 15 strokes at Pebble Beach. However, Old Tom's 13-stroke margin was achieved over just 36 holes.
- Lowest 18-hole score: 63 – Mark Hayes, 2nd round, 1977; Isao Aoki, 3rd, 1980; Greg Norman, 2nd, 1986; Paul Broadhurst, 3rd, 1990; Jodie Mudd, 4th, 1991; Nick Faldo, 2nd, 1993; Payne Stewart, 4th, 1993.
There is an extensive records section on the official site here.
|Year||Venue||Champion||Country||Winning Score||1st Prize|
|2008||Royal Birkdale Golf Club||Pádraig Harrington (2)||Ireland||283 (+3)||£ 750 000|
|2007||Carnoustie Golf Links||Pádraig Harrington||Ireland||277 (-7)PO||£ 750 000|
|2006||Royal Liverpool Golf Club||Tiger Woods (3)||United States||270 (-18)||£ 720 000|
|2005||St Andrews||Tiger Woods (2)||United States||274 (-14)||£ 720 000|
|2004||Royal Troon Golf Club||Todd Hamilton||United States||274 (-10)PO||£ 720 000|
|2003||Royal St George's Golf Club||Ben Curtis||United States||283 (-1)||£ 700 000|
|2002||Muirfield||Ernie Els||South Africa||278 (-6)PO||£ 700 000|
|2001||Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club||David Duval||United States||274 (-10)||£ 600 000|
|2000||St Andrews||Tiger Woods||United States||269 (-19)||£ 500 000|
|1999||Carnoustie Golf Links||Paul Lawrie||Scotland||290 (+6)PO||£ 350 000|
|1998||Royal Birkdale Golf Club||Mark O'Meara||United States||280 (E)PO||£ 300 000|
|1997||Royal Troon Golf Club||Justin Leonard||United States||272 (-12)||£ 250 000|
|1996||Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club||Tom Lehman||United States||271 (-13)||£ 200 000|
|1995||St Andrews||John Daly||United States||282 (-6)PO||£ 125 000|
|1994||Turnberry||Nick Price||Zimbabwe||268 (-12)||£ 110 000|
|1993||Royal St George's Golf Club||Greg Norman (2)||Australia||267 (-13)||£ 100 000|
|1992||Muirfield||Nick Faldo (3)||England||272 (-12)||£ 95 000|
|1991||Royal Birkdale Golf Club||Ian Baker-Finch||Australia||272 (-8)||£ 90 000|
|1990||St Andrews||Nick Faldo (2)||England||270 (-18)||£ 85 000|
|1989||Royal Troon Golf Club||Mark Calcavecchia||United States||275 (-13)PO||£ 80 000|
|1988||Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club||Seve Ballesteros (3)||Spain||273 (-11)||£ 80 000|
|1987||Muirfield||Nick Faldo||England||279 (-5)||£ 75 000|
|1986||Turnberry||Greg Norman||Australia||280 (E)||£ 70 000|
|1985||Royal St George's Golf Club||Sandy Lyle||Scotland||282 (+2)||£ 65 000|
|1984||St Andrews||Seve Ballesteros (2)||Spain||276 (-12)||£ 55 000|
|1983||Royal Birkdale Golf Club||Tom Watson (5)||United States||275 (-9)||£ 40 000|
|1982||Royal Troon Golf Club||Tom Watson (4)||United States||284 (-4)||£ 32 000|
|1981||Royal St George's Golf Club||Bill Rogers||United States||276 (-4)||£ 25 000|
|1980||Muirfield||Tom Watson (3)||United States||271 (-13)||£ 25 000|
|1979||Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club||Seve Ballesteros||Spain||283 (-1)||£ 15 000|
|1978||St Andrews||Jack Nicklaus (3)||United States||281 (-7)||£ 12 500|
|1977||Turnberry||Tom Watson (2)||United States||268 (-12)||£ 10 000|
|1976||Royal Birkdale Golf Club||Johnny Miller||United States||279 (-9)||£ 7 500|
|1975||Carnoustie Golf Links||Tom Watson||United States||279 (-5)PO||£ 7 500|
|1974||Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club||Gary Player (3)||South Africa||282 (-2)||£ 5 500|
|1973||Royal Troon Golf Club||Tom Weiskopf||United States||276 (-12)||£ 5 500|
|1972||Muirfield||Lee Trevino (2)||United States||278 (-6)||£ 5 500|
|1971||Royal Birkdale Golf Club||Lee Trevino||United States||278 (-10)||£ 5 500|
|1970||St Andrews||Jack Nicklaus (2)||United States||283 (-5)PO||£ 5 250|
|1969||Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club||Tony Jacklin||England||280||£ 4 250|
|1968||Carnoustie Golf Links||Gary Player (2)||South Africa||289||£ 3 000|
|1967||Royal Liverpool Golf Club||Roberto DeVicenzo||Argentina||278||£ 2 100|
|1966||Muirfield||Jack Nicklaus||United States||282||£ 2 100|
|1965||Royal Birkdale Golf Club||Peter Thomson (5)||Australia||285||£ 1 750|
|1964||St Andrews||Tony Lema||United States||279||£ 1 500|
|1963||Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club||Bob Charles||New Zealand||277PO||£ 1 500|
|1962||Royal Troon Golf Club||Arnold Palmer (2)||United States||276||£ 1 400|
|1961||Royal Birkdale Golf Club||Arnold Palmer||United States||284||£ 1 400|
|1960||St Andrews||Kel Nagle||Australia||278||£ 1 250|
|1959||Muirfield||Gary Player||South Africa||284||£ 1 000|
|1958||Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club||Peter Thomson (4)||Australia||274PO||£ 1 000|
|1957||St Andrews||Bobby Locke (4)||South Africa||279||£ 1 000|
|1956||Royal Liverpool Golf Club||Peter Thomson (3)||Australia||286||£ 1 000|
|1955||St Andrews||Peter Thomson (2)||Australia||281||£ 1 000|
|1954||Royal Birkdale Golf Club||Peter Thomson||Australia||283||£750|
|1953||Carnoustie Golf Links||Ben Hogan||United States||282||£500|
|1952||Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club||Bobby Locke (3)||South Africa||287||£300|
|1951||Royal Portrush Golf Club||Max Faulkner||England||285||£300|
|1950||Royal Troon Golf Club||Bobby Locke (2)||South Africa||279||£300|
|1949||Royal St George's Golf Club||Bobby Locke||South Africa||283||£300|
|1948||Muirfield||Henry Cotton (3)||England||284||£150|
|1947||Royal Liverpool Golf Club||Fred Daly||Northern Ireland||293||£150|
|1946||St Andrews||Sam Snead||United States||290||£150|
|1940-1945: No Championships due to World War II|
|1939||St Andrews||Richard Burton||England||290||£100|
|1938||Royal St George's Golf Club||Reg Whitcombe||England||295||£100|
|1937||Carnoustie Golf Links||Henry Cotton (2)||England||290||£100|
|1936||Royal Liverpool Golf Club||Alf Padgham||England||287||£100|
|1934||Royal St George's Golf Club||Henry Cotton||England||283||£100|
|1933||St Andrews||Denny Shute||United States||292PO||£100|
|1932||Prince's Golf Club||Gene Sarazen||United States||283||£100|
|1931||Carnoustie Golf Links||Tommy Armour||United States (nat)||296||£100|
|1930||Royal Liverpool Golf Club||Bobby Jones (Am) (3)||United States||291||Am - £100|
|1929||Muirfield||Walter Hagen (4)||United States||292||£100|
|1928||Royal St George's Golf Club||Walter Hagen (3)||United States||292||£100|
|1927||St Andrews||Bobby Jones (Am) (2)||United States||285||Am - £100|
|1926||Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club||Bobby Jones (Am)||United States||291||Am - £75|
|1925||Prestwick Golf Club||Jim Barnes||United States (nat)||300||£75|
|1924||Royal Liverpool Golf Club||Walter Hagen (2)||United States||301||£75|
|1923||Royal Troon Golf Club||Arthur Havers||England||295||£75|
|1922||Royal St George's Golf Club||Walter Hagen||United States||300||£75|
|1921||St Andrews||Jock Hutchison||United States (nat)||296PO||£75|
|1920||Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club||George Duncan||Scotland||303||£75|
|1915-1919: No Championships due to World War I|
|1914||Prestwick Golf Club||Harry Vardon (6)||England||306||£50|
|1913||Royal Liverpool Golf Club||John Henry Taylor (5)||England||304||£50|
|1911||Royal St George's Golf Club||Harry Vardon (5)||England||303PO||£50|
|1910||St Andrews||James Braid (5)||Scotland||299||£50|
|1909||Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club||John Henry Taylor (4)||England||291||£30|
|1908||Prestwick Golf Club||James Braid (4)||Scotland||291||£30|
|1907||Royal Liverpool Golf Club||Arnaud Massy||France||312||£30|
|1906||Muirfield||James Braid (3)||Scotland||300||£30|
|1905||St Andrews||James Braid (2)||Scotland||318||£30|
|1904||Royal St George's Golf Club||Jack White||Scotland||296||£30|
|1903||Prestwick Golf Club||Harry Vardon (4)||England||300||£30|
|1902||Royal Liverpool Golf Club||Sandy Herd||Scotland||307||£30|
|1900||St. Andrews||John Henry Taylor (3)||England||309||£30|
|1899||Royal St George's Golf Club||Harry Vardon (3)||England||310||£30|
|1898||Prestwick Golf Club||Harry Vardon (2)||England||307||£30|
|1897||Royal Liverpool Golf Club||Harold Hilton (Am) (2)||England||314||Am - £30|
|1895||St Andrews||John Henry Taylor (2)||England||332||£30|
|1894||Royal St George's Golf Club||John Henry Taylor||England||326||£30|
|1893||Prestwick Golf Club||William Auchterlonie||Scotland||322||£30|
|1892||Muirfield||Harold Hilton (Am)||England||305||(Am)|
|1891||St Andrews||Hugh Kirkaldy||Scotland||166||£10|
|1890||Prestwick Golf Club||John Ball (Am)||England||164||Am - £8|
|1889||Musselburgh Links||Willie Park, Jnr (2)||Scotland||155PO||£8|
|1888||St Andrews||Jack Burns||Scotland||171||£10|
|1887||Prestwick Golf Club||Willie Park, Jnr||Scotland||161||£10|
|1886||Musselburgh Links||David Brown||Scotland||157||£10|
|1885||St Andrews||Bob Martin (2)||Scotland||171||£10|
|1884||Prestwick Golf Club||Jack Simpson||Scotland||160||£10|
|1883||Musselburgh Links||Willie Fernie||Scotland||159PO||£10|
|1882||St Andrews||Bob Ferguson (3)||Scotland||171||£10|
|1881||Prestwick Golf Club||Bob Ferguson (2)||Scotland||170||£10|
|1880||Musselburgh Links||Bob Ferguson||Scotland||162||£10|
|1879||St Andrews||Jamie Anderson (3)||Scotland||169||£10|
|1878||Prestwick Golf Club||Jamie Anderson (2)||Scotland||157||£10|
|1877||Musselburgh Links||Jamie Anderson||Scotland||160||£10|
|1876||St Andrews||Bob Martin||Scotland||176||£10|
|1875||Prestwick Golf Club||Willie Park, Snr (4)||Scotland||166||£6|
|1874||Musselburgh Links||Mungo Park||Scotland||159||£6|
|1873||St Andrews||Tom Kidd||Scotland||179||£6|
|1872||Prestwick Golf Club||Tom Morris, Jnr (4)||Scotland||166||£6|
|1870||Prestwick Golf Club||Tom Morris, Jnr (3)||Scotland||149||£6|
|1869||Prestwick Golf Club||Tom Morris, Jnr (2)||Scotland||154||£6|
|1868||Prestwick Golf Club||Tom Morris, Jnr||Scotland||157||£6|
|1867||Prestwick Golf Club||Tom Morris, Snr (4)||Scotland||170||£6|
|1866||Prestwick Golf Club||Willie Park, Snr (3)||Scotland||169||£6|
|1865||Prestwick Golf Club||Andrew Strath||Scotland||162||£6|
|1864||Prestwick Golf Club||Tom Morris, Snr (3)||Scotland||167||£6|
|1863||Prestwick Golf Club||Willie Park, Snr (2)||Scotland||168||-|
|1862||Prestwick Golf Club||Tom Morris, Snr (2)||Scotland||163||-|
|1861||Prestwick Golf Club||Tom Morris, Snr||Scotland||163||-|
|1860||Prestwick Golf Club||Willie Park, Snr||Scotland||174||-|
PO = Won in play-off
Am = Amateur
nat = naturalised U.S. citizen. Hutchison, Barnes and Armour were British born and learned their golf in the UK, but they took U.S. citizenship before claiming their Open titles.
Twenty-six players have won more than one Open Championship, to 2008 inclusive:
- 6 wins: Harry Vardon
- 5 wins: James Braid, John Henry Taylor, Peter Thomson, Tom Watson
- 4 wins: Walter Hagen, Bobby Locke, Tom Morris, Snr, Tom Morris, Jnr, Willie Park, Snr
- 3 wins: Jamie Anderson, Seve Ballesteros, Henry Cotton, Nick Faldo, Bob Ferguson, Bobby Jones, Jack Nicklaus, Gary Player, Tiger Woods
- 2 wins: Pádraig Harrington, Harold Hilton, Bob Martin, Greg Norman, Arnold Palmer, Willie Park, Jnr, Lee Trevino
- Tom Morris, Snr, Scotland (1861,1862); Tom Morris, Jnr, Scotland (1868,1869,1870); Jamie Anderson, Scotland (1877,1878, 1879); Bob Ferguson, Scotland (1880,1881,1882); John Henry Taylor, England (1894,1895); Harry Vardon, England (1898,1899); James Braid, Scotland (1905,1906); Bobby Jones, USA (1926,1927); Walter Hagen, USA (1928,1929); Bobby Locke, South Africa (1949,1950); Peter Thomson, Australia (1954,1955,1956); Arnold Palmer, USA (1961,1962); Lee Trevino, USA (1971,1972); Tom Watson, USA (1982,1983); Tiger Woods, USA (2005,2006); Pádraig Harrington, Ireland (2007,2008)
- 2009 The Westin Turnberry Resort
- 2010 St Andrews
- 2011 Royal St George's Golf Club
- 2012 Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club