2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years
|Centuries:||19th century - 20th century - 21st century|
|Decades:||1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s|
|Years:||1947 1948 1949 - 1950 - 1951 1952 1953|
Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. It is also the index year, or year 0, that scientists use for before present figures.
Events of 1950
- 1 January - The International Police Association (IPA) - the largest police organization in the World - was formed.
- 5 January - U.S. Senator Estes Kefauver introduces a resolution calling for examination of organized crime in the U.S.
- 6 January - The United Kingdom recognizes the People's Republic of China. The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with Britain in response.
- 9 January - The Israeli government recognizes the People's Republic of China.
- 11 January - Huk guerrillas manhandle the town of Hermosa in Bataan, Philippines.
- 12 January - British submarine Truculent collides with a Swedish oil tanker in the Thames Estuary and sinks - 64 dead.
- 13 January - Finland forms diplomatic relations to People's Republic of China.
- 15 January - Volcanic cloud kills 5000 in Mount Lamington, New Guinea.
- 17 January - The Great Brinks Robbery - 11 thieves steal more than $2 million from an armored car in Boston, Massachusetts.
- 21 January - Alger Hiss is convicted of perjury.
- 23 January - The Knesset passes a resolution that states Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.
- 24 January - Cold War: Klaus Fuchs, a German émigré and physicist, walked into London's War Office and confessed to being a Soviet spy: for 7 years, he passed top secret data on U.S. and British nuclear weapons research to the Soviet Union; formally charged 2 February.
- 26 January - India promulgates its constitution forming a republic and Rajendra Prasad is sworn in as its first president.
- 28 January - Somaliland is put under Italian mandate
- 29 January - Lord Balfour criticizes the fact that rationing is still in force in Britain.
- 31 January - President Harry S. Truman orders the development of the hydrogen bomb in response to the detonation of the Soviet Union's first atomic bomb in 1949.
- 31 January - Last Kuomintang troops surrender in mainland China.
- 1 February - Chiang Kai-shek re-elected as a president of the Republic of China.
- 4 February - Ingrid Bergman's illegitimate child arouses ire in USA
- 9 February - Second Red Scare: In his speech to the Republican Women's Club at the McClure Hote in Wheeling, West Virginia, Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses the United States Department of State of being filled with 205 Communists.
- 11 February - Two Viet Minh battalions attack a French base in French Indochina.
- 11 February - Finland recognizes Indonesia.
- 12 February - Pro-communist riots in Paris.
- 12 February - European Broadcasting Union founded.
- 12 February - Albert Einstein warns that nuclear war could lead to mutual destruction.
- 13 February - The US Army begins to deploy anti-aircraft cannons to protect nuclear stations and military targets.
- 13 February - The US Air Force loses a Convair B-36 bomber that carried an Mk-4 atomic bomb off the west coast of Canada, and produced the world's first Broken Arrow.
- 14 February - The Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China sign a mutual defense treaty.
- 15 February - Juho Kusti Paasikivi re-elected president of Finland
- 19 February - Konrad Adenauer tries unsuccessfully to negotiate with East Germany to begin unification.
- 23 February - British General Election. Labour Prime Minister Clement Attlee vs Conservative Leader of the Opposition Winston Churchill.
- 24 February - British Labour Prime Minister Clement Attlee, having won the General Election, forms a new government.
- 1 March - Klaus Fuchs is convicted in London of spying against both Britain and the United States for the Soviet Union by giving to the latter top secret atomic bomb data.
- 1 March - Acting Chinese President Li Tsung-jen ends his term in office
- 1 March - Chiang Kai-shek resumes his duties as Chinese president after moving his government to Taipei, Taiwan.
- 3 March - Poland states that it intends to exile all Germans.
- 8 March - The Soviet Union claims to have an atomic bomb.
- 8 March - The first Volkswagen Type 2 van - also known as the Volkswagen Microbus - rolls off the assembly line in Wolfsburg, Germany.
- 12 March - A plane carrying returning rugby fans from Ireland to Wales crashes near Llandow with the loss of 80 lives.
- 12 March- 13 March - In Belgium, the referendum over the monarchy shows 57.7% support the return of King Léopold III, 42.3% against.
- 14 March - Ship Cygnet hits mine off the Dutch coast.
- 17 March - University of California, Berkeley researchers announce the creation of element 98 which they have named "californium".
- 20 March - Government of Poland decides to confiscate the property of the Polish church.
- 22 March - Egypt demands that Britain remove all its troops in Suez Canal.
- 23 March - 22nd Academy Awards ceremony
- 15 April - Belgian King Leopold III announces that he is ready to abdicate in favour of his son Baudouin.
- 24 April - Jordan formally annexes the West Bank.
- 27 April - Apartheid: In South Africa, the Group Areas Act is passed, formally segregating races.
- 27 April - Britain formally recognises Israel.
- 6 May - "Cazin uprising" in town of Cazin (Bosnia) against Communist agrarian reforms.
- 6 May - Tollund Man is found.
- 9 May - Robert Schuman presents his proposal for the creation of a pan-European organisation which he believes to be indispensable to the maintenance of permanently peaceful relations between the different nations of the continent. This proposal, known as the " Schuman declaration", is considered to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union.
- 9 May - L. Ron Hubbard publishes Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health.
- 11 May - Kefauver Committee hearings about US organized crime begin.
- 13 May - The first race in the inaugural FIA Formula One World Championship was held at Silverstone, England.
- 14 May - The Huntsville Times runs the headline, "Dr. von Braun Says Rocket Flights Possible to Moon."
- 25 May - Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel is formally opened to traffic.
- 27 May - Linnanmäki in Finland is open.
- 29 May - St. Roch, first ship to circumnavigate North America arrives in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
- 1 June - Mauna Loa starts erupting.
- 3 June - First ascent of Annapurna I, 10th highest mountain in the world.
- 6 June - Turkey: The Adhan in Arabic is legalized.
- 8 June - Sir Thomas Blamey becomes the only Field Marshal in Australian history.
- 23 June - Mauna Loa stops erupting
- 25 June - Beginning of Korean War: Americans begin hoarding supplies in case of rationing and shortages.
- 26 June - The South African Parliament passes the Suppression of Communism Act, No. 44 of 1950.
- 28 June - Korean War - North Korean forces capture Seoul.
- 29 June - United States defeats England 1-0 in the 1950 FIFA World Cup.
- 16 July - Uruguay beat Brazil 2-1 to win the 1950 World Cup.
- 17 July - The Suppression of Communism Act, passed on June 26, comes into force in South Africa.
- 5 August - Florence Chadwick swims across English Channel in 13 hours, 22 minutes.
- 5 August - A bomb-laden B-29 Superfortress crashes into a residential area in California: 17 dead, 68 injured.
- 6 August - Riot in Brussels in monarchist demonstrations.
- 8 August - Winston Churchill supports idea of pan-European army allied with Canada and USA.
- 12 August - In his Encyclical ' Humani Generis', Pope Pius XII declares evolution to be a serious hypothesis that did not contradict essential Catholic teachings.
- 15 August - Earthquake and floods in Assam, India: 574 deaths, 5,000,000 believed homeless.
- 22 August - Foundation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Seminary, Tagbilaran City, Philippines.
- 23 August - Legendary singer-actor Paul Robeson, whose passport has recently been revoked because of his alleged Communist affiliations, meets with U.S. officials in an effort to get it reinstated. He is unsuccessful, and it is not reinstated until 1958.
- 4 September - Darlington Raceway is the site of the inaugural Southern 500, the first 500-mile NASCAR race.
- 4 September - Beetle Bailey comic strip started.
- 7 September - Coal mine collapses in New Cumnock, Scotland - 13 miners dead. 116 rescued.
- 7 September - The gameshow Truth or Consequences debuts on television.
- 8 September - The Defense Production Act is enacted into law in the U.S., shaping American military contracting for the next 60 years.
- 9 September - The U.S. state of California celebrates its centennial anniversary.
- 12 September - Communist riots in Berlin.
- 15 September - Allied troops land in Inchon, occupied by North Korea, to begin the Battle of Inchon.
- 19 September - West Germany decides to purge communist officials.
- 26 September - Indonesia admitted to the United Nations.
- 28 September - Ray Bradbury releases famous short story "The Veldt"
- 30 September - NSC-68 enacted by President Truman, setting US foreign policy for the next twenty years.
- 2 October - The comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz is first published in seven US newspapers.
- 3 October - Getúlio Dornelles Vargas, elected president of Brazil, for a five-year term.
- 5 October - Indonesian government quells riots in the Moluccas.
- 7 October - The 1950-1951 invasion of Tibet by China begins.
- 7 October - Agate Pass Bridge opens for traffic.
- 11 October - The Federal Communications Commission issues the first license to broadcast television in colour, to CBS ( RCA will successfully dispute and block the license from taking effect, however).
- 15 October The second Tacoma Narrows Bridge opens.
- 15 October - In East Germany, communists win 99.7% of the vote.
- 20 October - Australia passes the Communist Party Dissolution Act, later struck down by the High Court.
- 26 October - Sister Mary Teresa begins her charity work in Calcutta and becomes known as Mother Teresa.
- 28 October - Torcida Split was founded.
- 30 October - The Jayuya Uprising/revolt is started by Puerto Rican Nationalists against the United States.
- 1 November - Pope Pius XII witnesses the " Miracle of the Sun" at the Vatican and defines a new dogma of Roman Catholicism: that God assumed Mary's body into Heaven after her death.
- 1 November - Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman, who is staying at the Blair-Lee House in Washington, D.C. during White House repairs.
- 4 November - United Nations ends the diplomatic isolation of Spain.
- 8 November - Korean War: While in an F-80, United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown intercepts two North Korean MiG-15s near the Yalu River and shoots them down in the first jet-to-jet dogfight in history.
- 10 November - A US Air Force B-50 Superfortress bomber, experiencing an in-flight emergency, jettisoned and detonated a Mark 4 nuclear bomb over Quebec, Canada. The device lacked its plutonium core.
- 11 November - The Mattachine Society is founded in Los Angeles as the first Gay-liberation organization.
- 13 November - Colonel Carlos Delgado Chalbaud is kidnapped and murdered in Caracas.
- 13 November - A Curtiss Reid Flying Services plane crashes while enroute to Paris from Rome killing all 52 on board.
- 18 November - The United Nations accepts the formation of Libyan national council
- 20 November - T. S. Eliot speaks against television in the UK.
- 22 November - Anti-British riots in Egypt.
- 22 November - Shirley Temple announces her retirement from show business.
- 25 November - Phenomenal winter storm ravages the Northeastern United States, brings 30 to 50 inches of snow, temperatures below zero, and kills 323 people.
- 26 November - Korean War: Troops from the People's Republic of China move into North Korea and launch a massive counterattack against South Korean and American forces at Chosin, ending any thought of a quick end to the conflict.
- 28 November - Greece and Yugoslavia reform diplomatic relations.
- 29 November - Korean War: North Korean and Chinese troops force a retreat of United Nations forces from North Korea.
- 29 November - National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA founded.
- 30 November - Douglas MacArthur threatens to use nuclear weapons in Korea.
- 3 December - Mt Etna erupts in Sicily.
- 11 December- 13 December - The Maria Hertogh riots occur in Singapore, leaving 18 dead and 173 injured.
- 12 December - Paula Ackerman becomes the first woman in the United States to serve a congregation as a Rabbi.
- 16 December - The Office of Defense Mobilization is established in the United States.
- 24 December- 25 December - Scottish nationalists take the Stone of Scone from Westminster Abbey.
- 28 December - The Peak District becomes Britain's first National Park.
- Ralph Schneider founds Diners Club - it initially only works in 27 restaurants in New York City.
- United Nations building is finished.
- First pagers are developed.
- First TV remote control, Zenith Radio's Lazy Bones is marketed.
- Myxomatosis is introduced into Australia in an attempt to control the escalating rabbit population.
- IBM Israel begins operating in Tel Aviv.
- President Harry Truman sends United States military advisers to Vietnam to aid French forces.
- France institutes a government-guaranteed minimum wage.
- Computer Age, and Cold War
- First Indochina War
- Total world population: 2,518,629,000
|Ab urbe condita||2703|
|Bahá'í calendar||106 – 107|
|Byzantine calendar||7458 – 7459|
|Chinese calendar|| 己丑年十一月十三日
— to —庚寅年十一月廿三日
|Coptic calendar||1666 – 1667|
|Ethiopian calendar||1942 – 1943|
|Hebrew calendar||5710 – 5711|
|- Vikram Samvat||2005 – 2006|
|- Shaka Samvat||1872 – 1873|
|- Kali Yuga||5051 – 5052|
|Iranian calendar||1328 – 1329|
|Islamic calendar||1369 – 1370|
|Japanese calendar|| Shōwa 25
|Thai solar calendar||2493|
- 5 January - John Manley, Canadian politician
- 5 January - Charlie Richmond, Canadian entrepreneur and inventor
- 12 January - Sheila Jackson Lee, American politician
- 12 January - Dorrit Moussaieff, First Lady of Iceland
- 16 January - Debbie Allen, American actress, dancer, and choreographer
- 17 January - Cristina Galbó, Spanish actress
- 17 January - Luis López Nieves, Puerto Rican writer
- 18 January - Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian race car driver (d. 1982)
- 20 January - Edward Hirsch, American poet
- 21 January - Billy Ocean, West Indian-born musician
- 23 January - Richard Dean Anderson, American actor
- 24 January - Gennifer Flowers, Accused President Clinton of sexual misconduct
- 24 January - Benjamin Urrutia, Ecuadoran author and scholar
- 26 January - Janet Lupo, American model
- 27 January - Amos Grunebaum, Israeli-born obstetrician and gynecologist
- 27 January - Derek Acorah, Spiritualist medium
- 29 January - Jody Scheckter, South African race car driver
- 30 January - Trinidad Silva, American actor (d. 1988)
- 1 February - Kazimierz Nycz, Polish clergyman
- 3 February - Morgan Fairchild, American actress
- 4 February - Pamela Franklin, British actress
- 6 February - Natalie Cole, American singer
- 10 February - Mark Spitz, American swimmer
- 12 February - Michael Ironside, Canadian actor
- 12 February - Steve Hackett, British songwriter and guitarist
- 13 February - Peter Gabriel, British musician
- 15 February - Tsui Hark, Hong Kong film director
- 16 February - Peter Hain, British politician
- 18 February - Cybill Shepherd American Actress, Singer and Former Fashion Model
- 18 February - John Hughes, American film director, producer, and writer
- 19 February - Andy Powell, British musician ( Wishbone Ash)
- 20 February - Ken Shimura, Japanese television performer and actor
- 20 February - Tony Wilson, English impresario (d. 2007)
- 22 February - Julius Erving, American basketball player
- 22 February - Julie Walters, English actress
- 22 February - Miou-Miou, French actress
- 22 February - Ellen Greene, American actress
- 25 February - Neil Jordan, Irish film director, writer, and producer
- 25 February - Néstor Kirchner, President of Argentina
- 26 February - Helen Clark, Prime Minister of New Zealand
- 26 February - Bill Ritter, ABC TV News Anchor
- 2 March - Karen Carpenter, American singer and drummer (d. 1983)
- 4 March - Rick Perry, Governor of Texas
- 9 March - Doug Ault, baseball player (d. 2004)
- 9 March - Danny Sullivan, American race car driver
- 11 March - Bobby McFerrin, American singer
- 11 March - Jerry Zucker, American film producer, director, and writer
- 13 March - William H. Macy, American actor
- 18 March - Brad Dourif, American actor
- 18 March - Richard Kretchmer, English artist and historian
- 20 March - William Hurt, American actor
- 22 March - Jocky Wilson, Scottish darts player
- 26 March - Teddy Pendergrass, American singer
- 26 March - Martin Short, Canadian-born comedian
- 29 March - Bud Cort, American actor
- 30 March - Robbie Coltrane, British actor and comedian
- 3 April - Sally Thomsett, British actress
- 4 April - Christine Lahti, American actress
- 5 April - Agnetha Fältskog, Swedish singer and songwriter ( ABBA)
- 5 April - Harpo, Swedish pop musician
- 10 April - Ken Griffey, Sr., baseball player
- 12 April - Kari Palaste, Finnish architect
- 20 April - Steve Erickson, American novelist
- 22 April - Peter Frampton, English musician
- 25 April - Lenora Branch Fulani, American Presidential candidate
- 28 April - Jay Leno, American comedian and talk show host
- 29 April - Paul Holmes, New Zealand radio and television broadcaster
- 7 May - Tim Russert American journalist (d. 2008)
- 13 May - Stevie Wonder, American musician
- 5 June - Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist and political activist (d. 1977)
- 25 June - Nitza Saul, Israeli actress
- 5 July - Michael Monarch, American musician ( Steppenwolf)
- 5 July - Huey Lewis, American musician
- 11 July - Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani Nuclear physicist and social activist
- 11 July - J. R. Morgan, British classical scholar
- 18 July - Sir Richard Branson, British entrepreneur
- 18 July - Glenn Hughes, American vocalist (d. 2001)
- 19 July - Per-Kristian Foss, Norwegian Minister of Finance
- 19 July - Simon Cadell, British actor
- 26 July - Susan George, British actress
- 1 August - Roy Williams, American basketball coach
- 7 August - Alan Keyes, American political activist
- 11 August - Erik Brann, American Musician, Guitarist (d. 2003)
- 11 August - Gennadiy Nikonov, Russian weapon designer
- 15 August - Anne, Princess Royal
- 15 August - Neil J. Gunther Australian/American physicist and computer scientist
- 16 August - Hasely Crawford, West Indian athlete
- 16 August - Marshall Manesh, Persian actor
- 26 August - Carl Deuker, American author
- 27 August - Charles Fleischer, American actor
- 1 September - Dr. Phil McGraw, TV psychologist
- 1 September - Mikhail Fradkov, a Russian politician, the current Prime Minister of Russia
- 2 September - Rosanna DeSoto, American actress
- 7 September - Julie Kavner, American actress
- 10 September - Joe Perry (musician), American guitarist Aerosmith
- 14 September - Paul Kossoff, British guitarist ( Free) (d. 1976)
- 14 September - Masami Kuwashima, Japanese race car driver
- 16 September - Loyd Grossman, American television presenter and chef
- 17 September - Narendra Modi, Chief Minister of Gujarat
- 21 September - Charles Clarke, British politician
- 21 September - Bill Murray, American actor and comedian
- 22 September - Kirka, Finnish singer (d. 2007)
- 24 September - Kristina Wayborn, Swedish actress
- 27 September - Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa, Japanese actor
- 28 September - John Sayles, American director and screenwriter
- 1 October - Randy Quaid, American actor
- 5 October - Jeff Conaway, American actor
- 5 October - Edward P. Jones, American writer
- 9 October - Jody Williams, American teacher and aid worker, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- 10 October - Nora Roberts, American novelist
- 12 October - Caroline Ellis, British actress
- 12 October - Kaga Takeshi, Japanese actor
- 18 October - Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright (d. 2006)
- 20 October - Tom Petty, American singer
- 22 October - Bill Owens, Governor of Colorado
- 28 October - Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian human rights activist
- 29 October - Abdullah Gül, Turkish 11th president
- 31 October - John Candy, Canadian comedian and actor (d. 1994)
- 31 October - Jane Pauley, American television broadcaster and journalist
- 1 November - Robert B. Laughlin, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- 3 November - Joe Queenan, American humorist and social critic
- 3 November - Massimo Mongai, Italian author
- 4 November - Charles Frazier, American author
- 10 November - Debra Hill, American producer (d. 2005)
- 10 November - Bob Orton, Jr., American professional wrestler
- 13 November - Mary Lou Metzger, American singer and dancer
- 21 November - Alberto Juantorena, Cuban athlete
- 22 November - Lyman Bostock, baseball player (d. 1978)
- 28 November - Russell Alan Hulse, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- 28 November - Ed Harris, American actor
- 1 December - Keith Thibodeaux, American actor and musician
- 2 December - Amin Saikal, Afghan-Australian academic
- 5 December - Camarón de la Isla, Spanish singer (d. 1992)
- 10 December - Tom Towles, American actor
- 13 December - Wendie Malick, American actress
- 15 December - Don Johnson, American actor
- 16 December - Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist (d. 2006)
- 17 December - Laurence F. Johnson, American futurist and educator
- 17 December - Wendy Brown, wife of Gordon Brown
- 18 December - Leonard Maltin, American film critic
- 19 December - Manny Trillo, baseball player
- 23 December - Michael C. Burgess, American politician
- 28 December - Alex Chilton, American musician ( The Box Tops)
- 17 January - Seiichi Hatano, Japanese philosopher (b. 1877)
- 21 January - George Orwell, English author (b. 1903)
- 6 February - Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (b. 1884)
- 7 February - D. K. Broster, British historical novelist (b. 1877)
- 25 February - George Minot, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1885)
- 5 March - Sid Grauman, American restaurateur (b. 1895)
- 19 March - Walter Haworth, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1883)
- 19 March - Edgar Rice Burroughs, American author (b. 1875)
- 24 March - James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (b. 1865)
- 30 March - Joe Yule, Scottish-born comedian (b. 1894)
- 26 April - G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (b. 1881)
- 1 May - Lothrop Stoddard, American eugenicist (b. 1883)
- 9 May - Esteban Terradas i Illa, Catalan mathematician, scientist, and engineer (b. 1883)
- 10 May - Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian, bibliographer, and archivist (b. 1883)
- 4 June - Kazys Grinius, President of Lithuania (b. 1866)
- 24 June - Darwan Singh Negi, Indian VC recipient (b. 1881)
- 12 July - Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
- 17 July - Evangeline Booth, General of The Salvation Army (b. 1865)
- 22 July - William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canadian politician (b. 1874)
- 22 August - Kirk Bryan, American geologist (b. 1888)
- 23 August - Frank Phillips, American oil executive (b. 1873)
- 26 August - Ransom E. Olds, American automotive pioneer (b. 1864)
- 27 August - Cesare Pavese, Italian poet and novelist (b. 1908)
- 6 September - Olaf Stapledon, British author and philosopher (b. 1886)
- 10 September - Raymond Sommer, American race car driver (b. 1906)
- 11 September - Rudolph Palm, Curacao born composer (b. 1880)
- 11 September - Jan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa (b. 1870)
- 21 September - Arthur Milne, British physicist (b. 1896)
- 13 October - Ernest Haycox, American writer (b. 1899)
- 19 October - Charles Ballantyne, Canadian politician (b. 1867)
- 23 October - Al Jolson, American musician (b. 1886)
- 29 October - King Gustaf V of Sweden (b. 1858)
- 2 November - George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1856)
- 3 November - Koiso Kuniaki, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1880)
- 25 November - Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1873)
- 25 November - Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat (b. 1873)
- 28 November - James Corbitt hanged for murder by Albert Pierrepoint
- 30 November - Werner Haase, Hitler's personal physician (b. 1900)
- 2 December - Dinu Lipatti, Romanian pianist (b. 1917)
- 5 December - Sri Aurobindo, Indian guru (b. 1872)
- 11 December - Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and computing pioneer (b. 1893)
- 12 December - Peter Fraser, former Prime Minister of New Zealand(b. 1884)
- 15 December - Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian political leader (b.1875)
- 27 December - Max Beckmann, German painter (b. 1884)
- Physics - Cecil Frank Powell
- Chemistry - Otto Paul Hermann Diels, Kurt Alder
- Medicine - Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein, Philip Showalter Hench
- Literature - Earl (Bertrand Arthur William) Russell
- Peace - Ralph Bunche