2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years
|Centuries:||19th century - 20th century - 21st century|
|Decades:||1880s 1890s 1900s - 1910s - 1920s 1930s 1940s|
|Years:||1913 1914 1915 - 1916 - 1917 1918 1919|
Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1916
- 1 January
- 5 January - Rainmaker Charles Hatfield - begins; it will cause flooding around San Diego, California
- 8 January - Allied forces withdraw from Gallipoli
- 13 January/ 14 - A heavy storm sweeps through the Zuiderzee in the Netherlands, causing extensive damage. This storm helped the Dutch parliament to decide to build the Afsluitdijk and build polders in the current IJsselmeer.
- 17 January - The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is formed
- 18 January - A 611 gram chondrite type meteor struck a house near Baxter, Stone County, Missouri.
- 23 January to 24 January In Browning, Montana, the temperature drops from +6.7°C to -48.8°C (44°F to -56°F) in one day, the greatest change ever on record for a 24-hour period.
- 24 January - In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad the Supreme Court of the United States upholds the federal income tax
- 28 January - Louis D. Brandeis becomes the first Jew appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States.
- 29 January - World War I: Paris is bombed by German zeppelins for the first time.
- 3 February - Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada are burned down.
- 9 February - 6.00 p.m. - Tristan Tzara "founds" Dadaism (according to Hans Arp).
- 11 February
- 21 February - World War I: In France the Battle of Verdun begins.
- 1 March - Liberal British Columbia Premier Harlan Carey Brewster term in office ends
- 6 March - Sydney conservatorium of music in Australia accepts first students
- 8 March- 9 night - Mexican Revolution - Pancho Villa leads 1,500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, New Mexico, killing 17. Garrison of US 13th Cavalry Regiment fights back and drives them away.
- 15 March - President Woodrow Wilson sends 12,000 United States troops over the U.S.-Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa; 13th Cavalry regiment enters Mexican territory.
- 16 March
- US 7th and 10th cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing crosses the border to join the hunt of Villa
- Passenger ferry Sussex torpedoed, resulting in Sussex pledge
- 19 March - First United States air combat mission in history as eight US planes take off in pursuit of Pancho Villa
- 20 March - At the age of 32, Ota Benga built a ceremonial fire, chipped off the caps on his teeth, performed a final tribal dance, and shot himself in the heart with a stolen pistol.
- 22 March - Marriage of Edith Bratt and John Ronald Reuel Tolkien. They would serve as the inspiration for the fictional characters Lúthien and Beren.
- 20 April - Chicago Cubs played their first game at Weeghman Park (currently Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7-6 in 11 innings
- 24 April - 30 April - Easter Rising in Ireland
- 27 April - Battle of Hulluch in World War I, 47th Brigade, 16th Irish Division decimated in one of the most heavily-concentrated gas attacks of the war
- April - The light switch was invented by William J. Newton and Morris Goldberg
- 5 May - United States Marines invade the Dominican Republic.
- 16 May - Britain and France conclude the secret Sykes-Picot Agreement which is to divide Arab areas of the Ottoman Empire following the conclusion of World War I into French and British spheres of influence.
- 20 May - The Saturday Evening Post publishes its first cover with a Norman Rockwell painting ("Boy with Baby Carriage").
- 21 May - Britain initiates daylight saving time.
- 22 May - United States v. Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola is decided.
- 31 May - 1 June - Battle of Jutland
- 4 June - The Brusilov Offensive, the height of Russian operations in WWI, begins with the breakthrough of Austro-Hungarian lines.
- 5 June
- 15 June - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America.
- 1 July - 18 November: More than 1 million soldiers die during The Battle of the Somme including 60,000 casualties for the British Commonwealth on the first day.
- 1 July - 12 July: at least one shark mauled five swimmers along 80 miles of New Jersey coastline during the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916, resulting in four deaths and survival of one youth who required limb amputation. This event was the inspiration for author Peter Benchley, over half a century later, to write Jaws.
- 2 July - Battle of Erzincan
- 8 July - 16 July- Massive flooding caused by two different hurricanes devastates Western North Carolina.
- 15 July - In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing incorporates Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing).
- 22 July - In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 injuring 40. ( Warren Billings and Tom Mooney are later wrongly convicted of it)
- 29 July - In Ontario, Canada, a lightning strike ignites a forest fire that destroys the towns of Cochrane and Matheson - 233 dead
- 30 July - German agents cause the Black Tom explosion in Jersey City, New Jersey, an act of sabotage destroying an ammunition depot and killing at least seven people.
- 7 August - Portugal joins the allies in World War I
- 9 August - Lassen Volcanic National Park is established.
- 25 August - President Woodrow Wilson signs legislation creating the National Park Service.
- 29 August - At least 1,000 killed, Chinese steamer ship Hsin Yu capsized off Chinese coast.
- September - Bulgaria takes Dobruja from the Romanians.
- 2 September - William Leefe-Robinson becomes the first pilot to shoot down a German airship over Britain.
- 13 September - Mary, a circus elephant, is hanged in the town of Erwin, Tennessee for killing her handler, Walter "Red" Eldridge.
- 27 September - Iyasu is proclaimed deposed as ruler of Ethiopia in a palace coup in favour of his aunt Zauditu.
- 12 October - Hipólito Yrigoyen is elected President of Argentina.
- 14 October - The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
- 16 October - Margaret Sanger opens the first U.S. birth control clinic -a forerunner of Planned Parenthood.
- 27 October - Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasu, is defeated by Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
- 1 November - Paul Miliukov delivers in the State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
- 5 November - Kingdom of Poland proclaimed by joint act of emperors of Germany and Austria
- 5 November - Honan Chapel, Cork, Ireland, a product of the Irish Arts & Crafts Movement(1894-1925), is dedicated.
- 7 November
- 13 November - Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription.
- 18 November - World War I: First Battle of the Somme ends - In France, British Expeditionary Force commander Douglas Haig calls off the battle which started on 1 July 1916.
- 21 November - HMHS Britannic (built in 1911 and launched in 1914), the third and largest Olympic-class ocean liner of the White Star Line, sister ship of RMS Olympic and the legendary RMS Titanic, sank after hitting a mine with the loss of 30 lives.
- 23 November - World War I, Eastern Front: Bucharest, the capital of Romania, is occupied by the troops of the Central Powers.
- 25 November - Friedrich Adler shoots Karl von Stürgkh, Prime Minister of Austria
- December - Sopwith Camel aircraft is introduced to combat the German-built Fokker fighter aircraft.
- 12 December - In the Dolomites, an avalanche buries 18,000 Austrian and Italian soldiers.
- 23 December - World War I: Battle of Magdhaba - In the Sinai desert, Australian and New Zealand mounted troops capture the Turkish garrison.
- 29 December - Grigori Rasputin is murdered by two Romanov family members.
- 30 December - Humberto Gómez and his mercenaries seize Arauca in Colombia and declare Republic of Arauca. He proceeds to pillage the region before fleeing to Venezuela
- 31 December - The Hampton Terrace Hotel in North Augusta, South Carolina, one of the largest and most luxurious hotels in the nation at the time, burns to the ground.
- Rodeo's first side-delivery bucking chute designed and made by the Bascom boys, Raymond, Mel, Earl and their father John W. Bascom at Welling, Alberta Canada
- Cours de linguistique générale by Ferdinand de Saussure is published.
- Summer Olympic Games in Berlin, Germany, are cancelled.
- Food is rationed in Germany.
- Ernst Rüdin publishes his initial results on the genetics of schizophrenia.
- The Netherlands is hit by a North Sea storm that floods lowlands and kills 10.000 people.
- Robert Baden-Powell founds Wolf Cubs scouts in Britain, changed to Cub Scouts in the USA.
- Louis Enricht claims he has a substitute for gasoline
- Gustav Holst composes The Planets, Opus 32
- Bray Studios creates the Farmer Al Falfa series, the first of the Terrytoons.
- Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers is founded.
- The Enrico Parodi sinks while in tow off the The Carracks in Cornwall, England.
The following are references to year 1916 in fiction:
- Citizen Kane (1941): In this year, Charles Foster Kane runs for New York governor and loses. Also in 1916, Emily Monroe Norton divorces him and, in either this year or in 1917, he marries Susan Alexander.
|Ab urbe condita||2669|
|Bahá'í calendar||72 – 73|
|Byzantine calendar||7424 – 7425|
|Chinese calendar|| 乙卯年十一月廿六日
— to —丙辰年十二月初七日
|Coptic calendar||1632 – 1633|
|Ethiopian calendar||1908 – 1909|
|Hebrew calendar||5676 – 5677|
|- Vikram Samvat||1971 – 1972|
|- Shaka Samvat||1838 – 1839|
|- Kali Yuga||5017 – 5018|
|Iranian calendar||1294 – 1295|
|Islamic calendar||1334 – 1335|
|Japanese calendar|| Taishō 5
|Thai solar calendar||2459|
- 3 January
- Bernard Greenhouse, American cellist
- Betty Furness, American actress and consumer activist (d. 1994)
- 7 January - Paul Keres, Estonian chess player (d. 1975)
- 9 January - Peter Twinn, English mathematician and World War II code-breaker (d. 2004)
- 10 January - Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
- 12 January - Pieter Willem Botha, President of South Africa (d. 2006)
- 17 January - Peter Frelinghuysen, Jr., American politician
- 18 January - Silviu Brucan, Romanian author and politician (d. 2006)
- 19 January - Harry Huskey, American computer designer
- 22 January - Henri Dutilleux, French composer
- 24 January
- Marvin Creamer, American sailor
- Rafael Caldera, President of Venezuela
- 2 February - Olaf Pooley, English actor
- 9 February - Tex Hughson, baseball player (d. 1993)
- 11 February
- 14 February
- Sally Gray, English actress (d. 2006)
- Masaki Kobayashi, Japanese film director (d. 1996)
- Denham Harman, American gerontologist
- Marcel Bigeard, French military officer
- 15 February - Ernest Millington, English politician
- 18 February - Maria Altmann, Austrian Holocaust survivor and heiress
- 20 February - Jean Erdman, American dancer
- 23 February - Retta Scott, first female Disney animator to be credited on a feature film (d. 1990)
- 26 February - Jackie Gleason, American comedian (d. 1987)
- 28 February
- Svend Asmussen, Danish jazz violinist
- Cesar Climaco, Filipino politician (d. 1984)
- 29 February - Dinah Shore, American singer (d. 1994)
- 3 March - Paul Halmos, Hungarian-born mathematician (d. 2006)
- 4 March
- 11 March - Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1995)
- 13 March
- John Aspinwall Roosevelt, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1981)
- Lindy Boggs, American politician
- 14 March - Horton Foote, American writer
- 15 March - Harry James, American musician and band leader (d. 1983)
- 17 March
- Ray Ellington, British singer (d. 1985)
- Volodia Teitelboim, Chilean author and politician
- 19 March - Irving Wallace, American novelist (d. 1990)
- 20 March - Pierre Messmer, French politician (d. 2007)
- 24 March - Donald Hamilton, Swedish-born writer (d. 2006)
- 26 March - Christian B. Anfinsen, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
- 29 March - Eugene McCarthy, U.S. Senator from Minnesota and Presidential candidate (d. 2005)
- 31 March - Lucille Bliss, American voice actor
- 3 April
- Peter Gowland, American photographer
- Herb Caen, American journalist (d. 1997)
- 5 April - Gregory Peck, American actor (d. 2003)
- 11 April - Alberto Ginastera, Argentine composer (d. 1983)
- 12 April
- Beverly Cleary, American author
- Benjamin Libet, American pioneering scientist in the field of human consciousness (d. 2007)
- 13 April - Phyllis Fraser, American actor and publisher (d. 2006)
- 15 April - Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American department store heir (d. 1982)
- 18 April - José Joaquín Trejos Fernández, President of Costa Rica
- 22 April - Yehudi Menuhin, American-born violinist (d. 1999)
- 24 April - Stanley Kauffmann, American film critic
- 25 April - R.J. Rushdoony, American founder of Christian Reconstructionism (d. 2001)
- 26 April
- Dorothy Salisbury Davis, American writer
- George Tuska, American comic strip artist
- 28 April - Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer (d. 1993)
- 30 April
- 1 May - Glenn Ford, American actor (d. 2006)
- 6 May - Robert H. Dicke, American experimental physicist (d. 1997)
- 8 May - Chinmayananda, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1993)
- 8 May - João Havelange, Brazilian industrialist and football league president
- 10 May - Milton Babbitt, American composer
- 11 May - Camilo José Cela, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2002)
- 14 May - Sammy Luftspring, Canadian boxer (d. 2000)
- 15 May - Ephraim Katzir, President of Israel
- 17 May - Lenka Reinerová, Czech writer
- 20 May - Trebisonda Valla, Italian athlete (d. 2006)
- 20 May - Owen Chadwick, British author and historian
- 21 May
- 26 May - Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch journalist (d. 1972)
- 31 May
- Bert Haanstra, Dutch filmmaker (d. 1997)
- Bernard Lewis, British historian
- 4 June - Robert F. Furchgott, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- 5 June - Eddie Joost, baseball player and manager
- 8 June - Francis Crick, English molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
- 9 June - Robert McNamara, U.S. Secretary of Defense
- 15 June - Herbert Simon, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2001)
- 18 June - Julio César Turbay Ayala, Colombian politician (d. 2005)
- 23 June
- 24 June - William B. Saxbe, American politician
- 1 July
- Olivia de Havilland, Americian actress
- Lawrence Halprin, American architect
- 2 July
- Hans-Ulrich Rudel, German pilot (d. 1982)
- Zélia Gattai, Brazilian author and photographer
- 3 July - John Kundla, American basketball coach
- 4 July
- Iva Toguri D'Aquino, "Tokyo Rose" (d. 2006)
- Fernand Leduc, Canadian painter
- 8 July - Jean Rouverol, American actress, screenwriter, and author
- 9 July - Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
- 11 July
- Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
- Gough Whitlam, twenty-first Prime Minister of Australia
- Reg Varney, British actor
- 14 July - Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author (d. 1991)
- 18 July - L. Patrick Gray III, American Federal Bureau of Investigation director (d. 2005)
- 19 July - Phil Cavarretta, baseball player
- 22 July
- 25 July - Fred Lasswell, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
- 27 July - Elizabeth Hardwick, American literary critic and novelist (d. 2007)
- 28 July - David Brown, American producer
- 30 July - Dick Wilson, American actor (d. 2007)
- 31 July - Bill Todman, American game show producer (d. 1979)
- 1 August - Fiorenzo Cardinal Angelini, Italian Cardinal
- 5 August - Kermit Love, American puppeter (d. 2008)
- 6 August - Dom Mintoff, Prime Minister of Malta
- 14 August - Ralph de Toledano, American conservationist and author (d. 2007)
- 16 August - Iggy Katona, American race car driver (d. 2003)
- 20 August - Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian chess player (d. 1984)
- 25 August
- Frederick Chapman Robbins, American pediatrician and virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2003)
- Van Johnson, American actor
- 27 August - Martha Raye, American actress (d. 1994)
- 28 August - Jack Vance, American writer
- 29 August - Luther Davis, American screenwriter
- 30 August - Shag Crawford, American baseball umpire (d. 2007)
- 31 August
- Daniel Schorr, American journalist
- John S. Wold, American politician
- 1 September
- Dorothy Cheney, American tennis player
- Joseph Minish, American politician (d. 2007)
- 13 September - Roald Dahl, Welsh author (d. 1990)
- 14 September - John Heyer, Australian documentary filmmaker (d. 2001)
- 16 September - Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian labour leader (d. 1999)
- 18 September - John Jacob Rhodes, American politician and lawyer (d. 2003)
- 21 September - Zinovi Gerdt, Russian actor (d. 1996)
- 27 September - Frank Handlen, American artist
- 3 October
- 4 October - Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate
- 12 October - Alice Childress, American actress, playwright, and novelist (d. 1994)
- 14 October - C. Everett Koop, United States Surgeon General
- 19 October
- Jean Dausset, French immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- Emil Gilels, Ukrainian pianist (d. 1994)
- 26 October - François Mitterrand, President of France (d. 1996)
- 30 October - Leon Day, baseball player (d. 1995)
- 1 November - John C. Harkness, American architect
- 4 November - Walter Cronkite, American television journalist
- 5 November - Jim Tabor, baseball player (d. 1953)
- 10 November - Louis le Brocquy, Irish painter
- 11 November - Robert Carr, British politician
- 12 November - Rogelio de la Rosa, Filipino actor and politician (d. 1986)
- 14 November - Sherwood Schwartz, American television writer and producer
- 16 November - Daws Butler, American voice actor (d. 1988)
- 24 November - Forrest J. Ackerman, American writer
- 26 November - Gerhard Unger, German tenor
- 27 November - Chick Hearn, American basketball announcer (d. 2002)
- 28 November
- Mary Lilian Baels, queen of Léopold III of Belgium (d. 2002)
- Ramón José Velásquez, President of Venezuela
- 29 November - Fran Ryan, American actress (d. 2000)
- 7 December - George Russell Weller retired salesman known for the Santa Monica Farmer's Market incident
- 8 December - Richard Fleischer, American film director (d. 2006)
- 9 December - Kirk Douglas, American actor
- 11 December - Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban musician (d. 1989)
- 14 December - Shirley Jackson, American writer (d. 1965)
- 15 December - Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
- 18 December
- Betty Grable, American actress (d. 1973)
- Douglas Fraser, Scottish-born union leader (d. 2008)
- 19 December
- Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann, German political scientist
- Roy Ward Baker, English film director
- Jack Agazarian, English World War II spy (d. 1945)
- 25 December - Graciela Naranjo, Venezuelan singer and actress (d. 2001)
- 27 December - Johnny Frigo, American jazz violinist and bassist (d. 2007)
January - June
- 4 January - Bruce Sloss, Australian footballer (b. 1889)
- 8 January - Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)
- 13 January - Victoriano Huerta, President of Mexico (b. 1854)
- 6 February - Rubén Darío, Nicaraguan writer (b. 1867)
- 12 February - Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (b. 1831)
- 13 February - Vilhelm Hammershøi, Danish painter (b. 1864)
- 19 February - Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist and philosopher (b. 1838)
- 20 February - Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Swedish writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1844)
- 28 February - Henry James, American writer (b. 1843)
- 4 March - Franz Marc, German artist (b. 1880)
- 24 March - Enrique Granados, Spanish composer (ship sinking) (b. 1867)
- 19 April - Ephraim Shay, American inventor (b. 1839)
- 21 April - Georges Boillot, French Grand Prix driver (killed in action) (b. 1884)
- 3 May - Padraig Pearse, Irish nationalist (b. 1879)
- 11 May - Max Reger, German composer (b. 1873)
- 12 May - James Connolly, Irish socialist (b. 1868)
- 13 May - Sholom Aleichem, Ukrainian Yiddish writer (b. 1859)
- 21 May - Artúr Görgey, Hungarian military general and politician (b. 1818)
- 5 June - Horatio Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, British field marshal and statesman (b. 1850)
- 6 June - Yuan Shikai, Chinese military official and politician (b. 1859)
- 29 June - Georges Lacombe, French artist (b. 1868)
July - December
- 6 July - Odilon Redon, French painter (b. 1840)
- 16 July - Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, Russian microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1845)
- 23 July - Sir William Ramsay, Scottish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
- 29 July - Claude Charles Castleton, Australian VC recipient (killed in battle) (b. 1893)
- 3 August - Sir Roger Casement, Irish nationalist (executed) (b. 1864)
- 31 August - Martha McClellan Brown, American activist (b. 1838)
- 4 September - José Echegaray y Eizaguirre, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1832)
- 7 October - James Whitcomb Riley, American poet (b. 1849)
- 28 October - Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (b. 1838)
- 31 October - Charles Taze Russell, Prominent Protestant Reformer and Evangelist (b. 1852)
- 9 November - Ion Dragalina, Romanian general (killed in action) (b. 1860)
- 14 November
- 15 November - Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1846)
- 21 November - Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria (b. 1830)
- 22 November - Jack London, American author (b. 1876)
- 23 November - Lanoe Hawker, British World War I pilot, VC recipient, KIA by The Red Baron, (b.1890)
- 24 November - Hiram Stevens Maxim, American firearms inventor (b. 1840)
- 28 December - Eduard Strauss, Austrian composer (b. 1835)
- 29 December - Grigori Rasputin, Russian mystic (b. 1869)
- Physics - not awarded
- Chemistry - not awarded
- Medicine - not awarded
- Literature - Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam
- Peace - not awarded