2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years
|Centuries:||19th century - 20th century - 21st century|
|Decades:||1880s 1890s 1900s - 1910s - 1920s 1930s 1940s|
|Years:||1909 1910 1911 - 1912 - 1913 1914 1915|
Year 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1912
- 1 January - Establishment of Republic of China.
- 4 January - The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
- 5 January - Prague Party Conference.
- 6 January - New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state.
- 8 January - African National Congress is founded.
- 17 January - British polar explorer Robert Falcon Scott and a team of four become the second expeditionary group to reach the South Pole.
- 23 January - The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
- 14 February - Arizona is admitted as the 48th U.S. state.
- 1 March - Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.
- 5 March - Italian forces are the first to use airships for a military purpose by using them for reconnaissance west of Tripoli behind Turkish lines.
- 7 March
- 12 March - The Girl Scouts of the USA are founded.
- 16 March - Lawrence Oates, dying member of Scott's South Pole expedition, leaves the tent saying, "I am just going outside and may be some time."
- 27 March - Mayor Yukio Ozaki of Tokyo gives 3,000 cherry blossom trees to be planted in Washington, D.C. to symbolize the friendship between the two countries.
- 30 March - France establishes a protectorate over Morocco.
- 10 April - The British ocean liner RMS Titanic leaves Southampton, England on her first maiden voyage for New York City.
- 11 April - The British ocean liner RMS Titanic reaches Queenstown, Ireland (also known as Cobh today) by around 6:30 and picks up passengers so it can steam off towards New York City.
- 14 April - The British ocean liner RMS Titanic strikes an iceberg in the Atlantic Ocean at 11:40 pm.
- 15 April - By 2:20a.m, the RMS Titanic sinks, taking with it 1500 lives.
- 16 April
- 17 April - Solar eclipse in Europe.
- 20 April
- Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens.
- Fenway Park, home of the Boston Red Sox, opens.
- 5 May - The 1912 Summer Olympics open in Stockholm, Sweden.
- 6 May - Suffrage parade in New York City,
- 13 May - In the United Kingdom, the Royal Flying Corps (forerunner of the Royal Air Force) is established.
- 30 May - Joe Dawson wins the second Indianapolis 500-Mile Race after Ralph DePalma's Mercedes breaks down within sight of the finish.
- 4 June - Fire in Constantinople - 1120 buildings destroyed
- 5 June - U.S. Marines land on Cuba
- 6 June- 8 June - Eruption of Novarupta in Alaska
- 8 June - Carl Laemmle incorporated Universal Pictures.
- 18 June - The Republican National Convention nominates incumbent President William Howard Taft in Chicago, defeating a challenge by former President Theodore Roosevelt, whose delegates bolt the convention.
- 25 June - The Democratic National Convention nominates New Jersey Gov. Thomas Woodrow Wilson in Baltimore.
- 19 July - A meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kg exploded over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona causing thousands of pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
- 30 July - Emperor Meiji of Japan, dies. He is succeeded by his son Yoshihito who becomes Emperor Taishō. In Japanese History, the event marks the end of the Meiji era and the beginning of the Taishō era.
- 1 August - Inauguration of the Jungfraubahn
- 5 August - Dissident Republicans form the Progressive or Bull Moose Party, and nominate former President Theodore Roosevelt as their presidential candidate.
- 12 August - Sultan Abd Al-Hafid of Morocco abdicates.
- 25 August - Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party is founded.
- 25 September - Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism founded in New York City, New York.
- 8 October - First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
- 14 October - While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper John Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the bullet still in him, Roosevelt delivers his scheduled speech.
- 16 October
- Bulgarian pilots Radul Minkov and Prodan Toprakchiev perform the first bombing with an airplane in history at the railway station of Karaagac near Edirne against Turkey.
- The Boston Red Sox, assisted by a famous error, defeat the New York Giants in extra innings to win the 1912 World Series, in what is considered one of the greatest games of baseball ever played.
- 5 November - U.S. presidential election, 1912: Democratic challenger Woodrow Wilson wins a landslide victory over Republican incumbent William Howard Taft. Taft's base was undercut by Progressive Party candidate (and former Republican) Theodore Roosevelt, who finished second, ahead of Taft.
- 7 November - The Deute Ottoman Empire.
- 28 November - Albania declares independence from the Ottoman Empire.
- December - Piltdown Man presented in Britain.
- 3 December - First Balkan War ends temporarily - Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month long war.
- Sea Scouting begins under the aegis of the Boy Scouts of America.
- Casimir Funk identifies vitamins.
- The American Little Theatre Movement begins with the founding of the Toy Theatre in Boston and the Little Theatre of Chicago
- " The Memphis Blues," is published.
- Alfred Wegener proposes the theory of continental drift.
- British treasure hunters try to drain Lake Guatavita to find gold – they find nothing.
- German trade unions have 3 million members.
- Scoville Unit devised and tested by Wilbur Scoville. Used to measure heat of peppers.
- Mexican Civil War
|Ab urbe condita||2665|
|Bahá'í calendar||68 – 69|
|Byzantine calendar||7420 – 7421|
|Chinese calendar|| 辛亥年十一月十三日
— to —壬子年十一月廿三日
|Coptic calendar||1628 – 1629|
|Ethiopian calendar||1904 – 1905|
|Hebrew calendar||5672 – 5673|
|- Vikram Samvat||1967 – 1968|
|- Shaka Samvat||1834 – 1835|
|- Kali Yuga||5013 – 5014|
|Iranian calendar||1290 – 1291|
|Islamic calendar||1330 – 1331|
|Japanese calendar|| Meiji 45 Taishō 1
|Thai solar calendar||2455|
- 1 January - Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988)
- 2 January - Hans Leussink, German politician (d. 2008)
- 3 January - Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
- 6 January - Jacques Ellul, French philosopher (d. 1994)
- 7 January - Charles Addams, American cartoonist (d. 1988)
- 8 January - José Ferrer, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1992)
- 19 January - Leonid Kantorovich, Russian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
- 21 January - Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2000)
- 28 January - Jackson Pollock, American painter (d. 1956)
- 30 January
- 2 February - Millvina Dean, youngest survivor of RMS Titanic
- 3 February - Mary Carlisle, American actress and singer
- 4 February
- Erich Leinsdorf, Austrian conductor (d. 1993)
- Byron Nelson, American golfer (d. 2006)
- 6 February - Eva Braun, Adolf Hitler's mistress (d. 1945)
- 11 February - Roy Fuller, English poet and novelist (d. 1991)
- 20 February - Pierre Boulle, French author (d. 1994)
- 25 February - Brenda Joyce, American actress
- 27 February - Lawrence Durrell, British writer (d. 1990)
- 4 March
- 5 March - David Astor, British newspaper publisher (d. 2001)
- 8 March - Preston Smith, Governor of Texas (d. 2003)
- 12 March - Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
- 14 March
- Les Brown, American band leader (d. 2001)
- W. Willard Wirtz, American administrator
- 15 March - Lightnin' Hopkins, American musician (d. 1982)
- 16 March - Pat Nixon, First Lady of the United States (d. 1993)
- 17 March - Bayard Rustin, American civil rights activist (d. 1987)
- 18 March
- Lucien Laurin, Canadian horse trainer (d. 2000)
- Art Gilmore, American radio and television announcer
- 22 March - Karl Malden, American actor
- 23 March
- 24 March - Dorothy Height, American activist
- 27 March - James Callaghan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
- 2 April - Herbert Mills, "Mills Brothers" tenor (d. 1989)
- 7 April - Jack Lawrence, American composer
- 8 April
- Alois Brunner, Nazi war criminal
- Sonja Henie, Norwegian figure skater (d. 1969)
- 11 April - Gusti Wolf, Austrian actress (d. 2007)
- 12 April - Walt Gorney, American actor (d. 2004)
- 15 April - Kim Il Sung, President of North Korea (d. 1994)
- 16 April - Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (d. 1997)
- 17 April - Marta Eggerth, Hungarian-born actress and singer, naturalized citizen of the United States
- 19 April - Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
- 22 April - Kathleen Ferrier, British contralto (d. 1953)
- 26 April - A. E. van Vogt, Canadian-born writer (d. 2000)
- 28 April - Odette Sansom, French World War II heroine (d. 1995)
- 3 May - Virgil Fox, American organist (d. 1980)
- 9 May - Pedro Armendáriz, Mexican actor (d. 1963)
- 11 May - Foster Brooks, American actor and comedian (d. 2001)
- 12 May - Archibald Cox, American Watergate special prosecutor (d. 2004)
- 14 May - Ben Hogan, American golfer (d. 1997)
- 16 May - Studs Terkel, American writer and broadcaster
- 18 May
- 21 May - Monty Stratton, baseball player (d. 1982)
- 22 May - Herbert C. Brown, English-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
- 23 May
- 25 May - Princess Dukhye of Korea (d. 1989)
- 27 May - Sam Snead, American golfer (d. 2002)
- 28 May
- 29 May - Pamela Hansford Johnson, English poet, novelist, playwright, literary and social critic (d. 1981)
- 30 May - Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
- 31 May - Alfred Deller, English countertenor (d. 1979)
- 4 June - Robert Jacobsen, Danish artist (d. 1993)
- 5 June - Dean Amadon, American ornithologist (d. 2003)
- 6 June - Maria Montez, Dominican actress (d. 1951)
- 8 June
- 21 June - Kazimierz Leski, Polish engineer, fighter pilot, and intelligence and counter-intelligence officer (d. 2000)
- 23 June - Alan Turing, British mathematician (d. 1954)
- 24 June - Brian Johnston, British cricket commentator (d 1994)
- 25 June - William T. Cahill, American politician (d. 1996)
- 26 June - Jay Silverheels, American actor (d. 1980)
- 27 June - Chen Kenmin, Japanese chef (d. 1990)
- 30 June - Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer (d. 2003)
- 1 July
- 6 July - Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer and explorer (d. 2006)
- 14 July - Woody Guthrie, American folk musician (d. 1969)
- 17 July - Art Linkletter, American television host
- 18 July - Max Rousié, French rugby footballer (d. 1950)
- 31 July
- Milton Friedman, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
- Irv Kupcinet, American newspaper columnist (d. 2003)
- 1 August - Frank K. Edmondson, American astronomer
- 3 August - Fritz Hellwig, German politician (CDU) and former European Commissioner for Science & Research
- 9 August - Anne Brown, American soprano
- 10 August - Jorge Amado de Faria, Brazilian author (d. 2001)
- 11 August - Thanom Kittikachorn, Prime Minister of Thailand (d. 2004)
- 11 August - Norman Levinson, American mathematician (d. 1975)
- 13 August - Salvador Luria, Italian-born biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1991)
- 15 August - Julia Child, American chef (d. 2004)
- 16 August
- 23 August - Gene Kelly, American actor (d. 1996)
- 25 August - Erich Honecker, East German leader (d. 1994)
- 27 August - Gloria Guinness, Fashionicon (d. 1980)
- 30 August
- Edward Mills Purcell, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997)
- Nancy Wake, New Zealand World War II heroine
- 5 September
- 10 September - Mary Walter, Filipino actress (d. 1993)
- 11 September - David Packard, American electrical engineer (d. 1996)
- 19 September - Kurt Sanderling, German conductor
- 21 September
- Chuck Jones, American animator (d. 2002)
- György Sándor, Hungarian pianist (d. 2005)
- 22 September
- Herbert Mataré, German physicist and European co-inventor of the transistor
- Martha Scott, American actress (d. 2003)
- 24 September - Don Porter, American actor (d. 1997)
- 27 September - Tauno Marttinen, Finnish composer
- 29 September - Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director (d. 2007)
- 5 October
- 17 October - Pope John Paul I (d. 1978)
- 21 October - Georg Solti, Hungarian conductor (d. 1997)
- 22 October - Johan Hendrik Weidner, Belgian World War II resistance fighter (d. 1994)
- 25 October - Minnie Pearl, American humorist (d. 1996)
- 27 October - Conlon Nancarrow, American composer (d. 1997)
- 31 October - Ollie Johnston, American animator (d. 2008)
- 3 November - Alfredo Stroessner, President of Paraguay (d. 2006)
- 4 November - Vadim Salmanov, Russian composer (d. 1978)
- 10 November - Birdie Tebbetts, baseball player and manager (d. 1999)
- 11 November - Larry LaPrise, American songwriter (d. 1996)
- 13 November - Claude Pompidou, wife of President of France Georges Pompidou (d. 2007)
- 14 November
- 19 November - George Emil Palade, Romanian microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- 20 November - Otto von Habsburg, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary
- 21 November
- 24 November - Bernard Delfgaauw, Dutch philosopher (d. 1993)
- 30 November - Gordon Parks, American photographer and artist (d. 2006)
- 10 December - Philip Hart, a Democratic United States Senator from Michigan from 1959 until 1976 (d.1976)
- 11 December - Carlo Ponti, Italian film producer (d. 2007)
- 12 December - Henry Armstrong, American boxer (d. 1988)
- 22 December - Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the United States (d. 2007)
- 25 December - Natalino Otto, Italian singer (d. 1969)
- 27 December - Conroy Maddox, British painter (d. 2005)
January - June
- 28 January - Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)
- 10 February - Joseph Lister, English surgeon (b. 1827)
- 16 February - Nikolai of Japan, Eastern Orthodox monk and saint (b. 1836)
- 21 February - Osborne Reynolds, Irish physicist (b. 1842)
- 25 February - Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (b. 1852)
- 1 March - George Grossmith, English actor and comic writer (b. 1847)
- 29 March - Members of the Scott Expedition to the South Pole:
- 30 March - Karl May, German author (b. 1842)
- 12 April - Clara Barton, American nurse (b. 1821)
- 15 April - 11 out of 1500 victims of the RMS Titanic sinking:
- Thomas Andrews, Jr., Irish shipbuilder (b. 1873)
- John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman (b. 1864)
- Archibald Butt, American presidential aide (b. 1865)
- Thomas R.D. Byles, English-born Catholic priest (b. 1870)
- Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman (b. 1865)
- Edward J. Smith, English ship's captain (b. 1850)
- William Thomas Stead, English journalist (b. 1849)
- Isidor Straus, German-born owner of Macy's (b. 1845)
- Ida Straus, Wife of Isidor Straus (1 of only 5 Titanic First-class female fatalities) (b. 1849)
- Jack Phillips, Senior wireless officer of Titanic (b. 1887)
- Wallace Hartley, violinist and band leader of Titanic (b. 1878)
- 20 April - Bram Stoker, English writer (b. 1847)
- 14 May
- 25 May - Austin Lane Crothers, American politician (b. 1860)
- 30 May - Wilbur Wright, American aviation pioneer (b. 1867)
- 12 June
July - December
- 1 July - Harriet Quimby, American pilot (b. 1875)
- 2 July - Tom Richardson, English cricketer (b. 1870)
- 17 July - Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (b. 1854)
- 30 July - Meiji Emperor of Japan (b. 1852)
- 7 August - François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (b. 1841)
- 8 August - Ross Winn, American anarchist writer and publisher (b. 1871)
- 20 August
- 6 October - Auguste Marie François Beernaert, Belgian statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1829)
- 24 October - Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (b. 1842)
- 30 October - James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (b. 1855)
- 10 November - Louis Cyr, Canadian strongman (b. 1863)
- 28 November - Walter Benona Sharp, American oil pioneer (b. 1870)
- 23 December - Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (b. 1850)
- Physics - Nils Gustaf Dalén
- Chemistry - Victor Grignard, Paul Sabatier
- Medicine - Alexis Carrel
- Literature - Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann
- Peace - Elihu Root